During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. Many recovering addicts are unable to bear the severity of withdrawal symptoms and this makes many of them relapse. For inpatient and outpatient rehab plans they have included medicines in addiction treatment. To give the patient the best chance of recovering, a doctor may adjust the dosage of the medication gradually during the treatment.
Withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be eased with the help of medication that mimic the effect of the addictive substances.
Detoxing And Withdrawal
The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This process is known as detox or cleansing Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.
The real challenge for the patient is coping with the terrible withdrawal symptoms. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. For those addicts of long term, high dose drug or alcohol abuse the withdrawal symptoms will be more severe.
The Former addicts face some irritating side effects during detox. Symptoms include:
Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as:
These drugs decrease nervousness and irritability.
Withdrawal from many drugs including Heroin and Cocaine can cause anxiousness.
Benzos have tranquilizing symptoms, which helps comforting alcohol withdrawals.
Doctors are careful when it comes about prescribing benzos since they are habit-forming.
An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
Depression in detox in a common symptom as the patient is longer getting the happy feeling from the drug they have taken for a long time.
Mood lifting medications like Zoloft and Prozac help in reducing these symptoms till the brain can function naturally again.
For relief of sweating, aching muscles, cramps and paranoia in alcohol and opiate withdrawal Clonidine is used.
Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.
The ones detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Xanax, should never quit "cold turkey" since it may be fatal. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. Medical assistance guarantees protection and accomplishment in detoxification.
Talk to someone who can help you if you are going through addiction problem.
Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. This event is known as post-acute or prolonged withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
PAWS can be comforted through maintenance rehabilitation that may not only reduce hunger but also limit drug desire. This type of medication is usually in the form of a tablet taken each day.
Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are:
Naltrexone is a drug that blocks the brain receptors that produce the pleasurable effects of alcohol.
The craving for alcohol is also reduced by the drug.
Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
Naltrexone is given in the form of a injection.
The psychological and bodily stress emanating from alcohol abuse is relieved by taking Acamprosate (Campral).
Once completing the detox, recovery from alcohol can use Acamprosate.
This medication reduces the urge to drink as it prevents negativity including depression and paranoia.
The first drug to be approved for treatment of alcohol addiction was Disulfiram.
Disulfiram causes sickness and vomiting if alcohol is consumed at the same time.
Recovering users do not want to take alcohol when they are on disulfiram because they feel sick if they do.
You can find out more about medication used in treating alcohol addiction.
Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction
Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. Medications recommended for treating Opiate and Heroin addiction help in reducing the urge to take the drug and accompanying withdrawal symptoms. These medications are usually taken daily in tablet form.
Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. There are also many who take long before overcoming the symptoms. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. PAWS and desires can be controlled by long-term replacement medicines. Medication can be taken for as long as is required by the patient.
Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows:
Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
Discretion and care are needed because some people have been known to develop an addiction to Methadone.
Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
Additional Facts about Methadone.
Buprenorphine works in a similar way to Methadone but does not need to be as closely regulated due to the possibility of addiction is far less.
This medication can often be taken at home without having to go to the centre each day.
Naltrexone is for both opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
Since alcohol and opiates work on the same brain nerve endings, Naltrexone can stop both the same way.
Detoxing And Rehab
Some people pick detoxification on their own. Compared to medical detoxification, this has not only proven harder but also dangerous. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. For the ones who are addicted to alcohol or benzos, medical detoxification is a must.
For addicts to gain the control they want, detox is needed.
Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. Fluids levels, temperature, heart and breathing rate checked by doctors. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.
Medical detox is for anyone facing health problems. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Any sudden complications can be handled by a doctor.
Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. Constant supervision is given during the first week of detox. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.
Medical rehab is the best choice for helping a loved one gain sobriety call 0800 772 3971.