A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.
Substance reliance - when a man is dependent on a substance, for example, a medication, liquor or nicotine, they are not ready to control the utilization of that substance. Although the user may not know that there is a potential to get hurt, they will keep taking it, even though it can cause harm.
Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.
The symptoms and signs of drug addiction differ according to the person, the drug they are dependent to, their genetics (family history) and personal situations.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
There may be abruptly increased craving. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. Examples of this might be an alcoholic who won't attend a party if there isn't going to alcohol available or a smoker who won't meet up with friends at a non-smoking restaurant.
Keeping up a decent supply - individuals who are dependent on a substance will dependably ensure they have a good quantity of it, regardless of the possibility that they don't have much cash. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
Taking risks (1) - now and again the dependent individual ensure he/she can get his/her substance, for example, taking or exchanging sex for cash/drugs.
Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
Fixation - an addict may spend more energy and time concentrating on manners of to get his/her drug, and in certain instances on how to use the drug.
Loneliness and secrecy - in several instances addicts might use the substance on their own, or even secretly.
Denial - a considerable number of addicts are living in a state of denial. They don't know (or decline to recognise) that they have an issue.
Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. This might even be the situation with a smoker who finds he/she can't physically deal with participating in his/her best-loved sport.
Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. Huge volumes of drink may be taken at once in the bid to get high and enjoy the feeling.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This might be since the drug weakens good sense and the person takes a risk he/she would not take if he/she were not intoxicated, or in an attempt to get his/hands on the substance, he/she does something illegal.
Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. In the case of cigarettes, it will cost a 40-a-day smoker up to '660 per month and about '8,000 per year in the UK and other parts of Europe and the UK where a packet of twenty sticks is sold at about '11.
Relationship issue; these are more normal in drug/liquor fixation.
Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.